A brief history of Dr. Maria Montessori...
Maria Montessori was born in 1870 and died in 1952. She was an Italian physician, educator, philosopher and humanitarian. She was the first Italian woman to receive a medical degree. After becoming a doctor, she began working with “special needs” and “un-teachable” children from the poorest area in Rome. During this time, Dr. Montessori studied how children learn basic concepts relating to all facets of life. She decided to devote her life’s work to these “un-teachable” children to help them become productive and successful members of society.
Dr. Montessori spent nearly a decade studying how children learn using their bodies, minds, and spirit. Dr. Montessori opened her first school; the “Casa de Bambini” or “Children’s House” in Rome on January 6, 1907.
Dr. Maria Montessori believed that human beings have an innate internal drive for self-development. She believed, as we do, that the goal of childhood development should be to cultivate a child’s natural desire to learn and to aid in the unfolding of lifelong learning. In a Montessori classroom, each child is encouraged to experience the excitement of learning by choosing his or her own activity. Once the activity is selected, it provides the perfect tool for the learning experience of the child. The Montessori materials are especially designed to develop this process through self-correction.
Dr. Montessori observed that children go through four six-year periods of development, entitled the four planes of development. In each plane of development, children have specific characteristics and needs. Dr. Montessori believed that each child requires a trained adult to assist him/her in a specific way, who works in a structured learning environment, rich with materials for learning.
Dr. Montessori’s philosophies and teachings are still considered ahead of her time almost one hundred years after they were initially created. Dr. Montessori holds a very interesting place in world history; one little known fact is that Montessori’s love of her students forced her to be exiled from Italy by Benito Mussolini because she refused to offer her students up to become soldiers in the Spanish Civil War.
Today, the Montessori method of teaching is still renowned as one of the most innovative and intelligent teaching methods available for young children. The Montessori method is recognized throughout the world and transcends across many different cultures. Because of Dr. Montessori’s immeasurable contributions to the field of education, she was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize three different times.